1400 Fifth Avenue

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1400 Fifth Avenue, New York City, NY

1400 Fifth Avenue
1400fifthave-exterior.jpg

First LEED residence in Harlem
Building Information
Developer Full Spectrum of NY
Architect Roberta Washington Associates
Number of Units 129
Number of Floors 8
Year Built 2003
Construction Method Concrete
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1400 Fifth Avenue, New York City, NY
Distance to Public Transit Less than a block
Region New York City
Municipality New York City
Zoning C4-5X
Title of Land Condominium


Contents

Background

Early 1900s Harlem

1400 Fifth Avenue is Harlem's first green condominium. It was also one of the first buildings in New York to use geothermal systems for hearing and cooling,

The Developer, Full Spectrum of NY, is a company specializing in mixed use and mixed income green buildings. Most projects are in growing communities and there is a strong focus on Harlem.[1]

Apart from the residents, the building also contains the fitness center New York Sports Club, the bar/lounge Bleu Violin and the dog day care and training facility Doggedly Devoted.

Harlem has had its share of uses and reputations. In the 17th Century the area was a military outpost for the Dutch. As time continued it became a farming village, a battlefield, an industrial area, a commuter town, and then a ghetto.

Harlem has struggled with poverty, health and crime issues. The community is slowly turning itself around. In 1990, men had a 37% chance of living to be 65. Infectious diseases and traditional deep fried food were mostly to blame for this statistic.

In the late 19th century, Harlem had a sophisticated reputation. Many Africans migrated into the area during the Great Migration, but it was those residents of Italian, Jewish and Irish origin who made their way into the community and brought gangs and mob leaders such as Al Capone and Lucky Luciano. During the Depression, there was a spike in organized crime and heroin smuggling into the states from Vietnam. In the 1980s, cheap crack and cocaine became a huge issue and the drug is accused of being responsible for the devaluation of human life in East Harlem.

There are six subcomitties that deal with the key issues in Harlem. The New York Police Department patrols five precincts in Harlem. Multi-jurisdictional civil and family court offer services in conflict resolution, financial support, at-risk youth, and re-entry for ex-offenders.[2]

Today, Harlem has a black community of about 77%. The majority of the employed people are working white collar jobs. A high percentage of people have a Bachelors degree. However, there is a high percentage of people who do not have a high school education.[3]



Location

Apollo Theatre

1400 Fifth Avenue is located in the Harlem borough. Since the 20th century, the area has been working to solve the social issues and has been massively developing.

The school district in the area is a part of the New York City Department of Education. Schools include the Harlem Success Academy Charter School, Ps 108 Assmbly Angelo Del Toro and Cristo Rey New York High School.

Landmarks in the area include Astor Row, Apollo Theater, Morningside Park, Museum of New York City, and the West 147th - 149th Streets Historic District. [4]

Typical daily errands do not require the use of a car. Within walking distance of the building are amenities such as Empire Corner II restaurant, Dunkin' Donuts Coffee, K 115 Gourmet groceries and the Martin Luther King Playground. [5]

Construction

West Aftrican Architecture
Brick and Beige Facade

1400 Fifth Avenue is a concrete low-rise building. Sections are clad in light piers that stand two levels above the main roof. [6]

Apart from the piers, the building is a red brick. There are many corner windows that allow for a lot of natural light. The windows are frames with a light color that nicely contrasts the bricks without being too bold. The roof lines slightly project, creating a discreet cornice appearance. [7]

The design fits nicely into the neighborhood and adds to the character with its incorporated West African architecture. [8]

The concrete used for the project was made of slag cement. The cement is composed of 10% cementitious materials that is a by-product of steel production. By using this type of cement, the overall cost of the building didn't change, and the use of recycled material helped to achieve a green status. [9]

The windows are made up of Low-E glass which reduces heat loss thus less energy is required to heat and cool the building. The entire cost of the project was about $40 million. [10]

Layout and Features

Suites feature bamboo flooring, recessed lighting, a gas burning fire place and floor to ceiling windows.

The kitchens feature Kitchen Aid stainless steel appliances, granite counter tops,

The en-suite bathroom contains a whirlpool spa bath tub, low flow or dual flow toilets, large shower stalls with curved glass doors,

Most suites also have terraces, balconies or bay windows.

Some of the suites have their own special features and unique plans. For example, one suite has a 12 foot long entrance foyer that leads into a 22 foot wide living room. Others have 11 foot long kitchens and angled master bedrooms. There are also duplex penthouses available. [11]

Floor Plans

Amenities

Amenities at 1400 Fifth Avenue include:

  • Full Time Doorman Concierge, and Live-in Superintendent
  • Gardens
  • On-site Parking with Valet Service
  • Laundry
  • Dry Cleaning
  • NY Sports Club
  • Health Club
  • Mail and Package Room
  • Business Center and Conference Center
  • Children's Playroom [12]
  • Roof Deck
  • Screening Room
  • Wine Cellar
  • Bicycle room

Bylaws

1400 Fifth Avenue Bylaws
Rentals Yes
Pets Yes


  • The building is pet-friendly
  • Rentals are allowed
  • Some apartments are fair market others have income restrictions

Sustainability

1400 Fifth Avenue has been designed to conform to LEED Gold Certification. In order to gain this honor, the designer, developer, contractor and owner had to team up early in the design phase and incorporate the green project ideas from the beginning.

The building is built with more than 60% of its material being either recycled or recyclable. Also, the building consumes 25% less energy than what is required by the state's energy code requirements. [13]

Ways that the building achieved such low energy use is with central air conditioning combined with smart temperature controls and a geothermal heat source.

Geothermal energy is basically thermal energy generated and stored within the earth. It comes from the formation of the planet and radioactive decay of minerals. The energy source is cost effective, reliable and sustainable but is limited in areas near tectonic plate boundaries. [14]

Other green features that were incorporated into the building include:

  • Energy Star Appliances
  • High-performance windows
  • CO2 Monitoring
  • Compact fluorescent lights
  • Low VOC paints and adhesives
  • Low Flow fixtures
  • Landscaping for water conservation[15]

Trivia

Cooper-Hewitt, National Design Museum
  • In the 1920s and 1930s Harlem was the focus of the Harlem Renaissance which was a huge production of artistic work in the black community including novels, dramas, poetry, visual arts, and music.
  • Fifth Avenue was given a high class status in 1862.
  • On Fifth Avenue, there is a portion running from 82nd to 105th Streets the area is known as Museum Mile of Carnegie Hill. This is a list of the Museums:
    • Museum of African Art
    • El Museo del Barrio
    • Museum of the City of New York
    • The Jewish Museum
    • Cooper-Hewitt, National Design Museum
    • National Academy Museum
    • Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum
    • Neue Galerie New York
    • Goethe-Institut
    • The Metropolitan Museum of Art [16]

References

  1. Commercial Observer
  2. Wikipedia
  3. Homes Point 2
  4. Wikipedia
  5. Walk Score
  6. New York Construction
  7. City Realty
  8. Elegran
  9. Slag Cement
  10. Green Home NYC
  11. City Realty
  12. City Realty
  13. City Realty
  14. Wikipedia
  15. Green Home NYC
  16. Wikipedia


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