Oliver Cromwell

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12 West 72nd Street, New York City, NY

Oliver Cromwell
OliverCromwellNYC.jpg

The majestic Oliver Cromwell
Building Information
Developer Oliver Cromwell Owners, Inc.
Architect Emery Roth
Management Company Cooperative Board
Number of Units 172
Number of Floors 30
Year Built 1927
Construction Method Concrete
Type of Roof IRMA
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12 West 72nd Street, New York City, NY
Distance to Public Transit Within 200 feet
Region New York City
Municipality New York City
Zoning R10-A
Title of Land Cooperative


Contents

Background

Statue of Oliver Cromwell in Westminster (London, UK)

The Oliver Cromwell is less than a block from Central Park and sits across the street from the famed Dakota apartments, and was designed by the eminent architect, Emery Roth.


Steven Ruttenbaum affirmed that the 30-story skyscraper ushered in "the transformation of its park side neighborhood into one of the most architecturally distinctive areas in the city ... It is one of Manhattan's finest free-standing towers of the 1920's." in his book,"Mansions in the Clouds, the Skyscraper Palazzi of Emery Roth" in 1986.[1]Other buildings by Emery Roth include the Ritz Tower, Beresford, Eldorado, Shenandoah, Ardsley, San Remo, and 299 West 12th Street.


Of course one can not mention the building without mention of its namesake, Oliver Cromwell, the controversial English politician, military commander, and statesman. Cromwell reshaped British laws, when in a historic moment he spearheaded the campaign that had King Charles I tried and executed for treason in 1649, believing it to be the only way to end the civil wars.


It was Cromwell who created the Commonwealth as we know it today. Critics of Cromwell cite his intolerance towards Catholicism and the ensuing Irish Confederate wars between England and Ireland. Though it is likely that these wars had more to do with the form of power and foreign influence in the UK than strictly with religion, it is unknown how much of the blame rests with Cromwell for atrocities during these wars.


During the years between King Charles I death and King Charles II's coming of age Cromwell ruled as Lord Protector of England, Scotland and Ireland. Cromwell reportedly permitted the private practice of all religions, and readmitted the Jewish people to return to England after a 350 year banishment by King Edward I and remains an interesting figure in history. He was named on of the top 10 Britons in a BBC poll.[2]


Location

Verdi Square Upper West Side
American Museum of Natural History

Located in the Upper West Side, Oliver Cromwell, has numerous transit options within walking distance, great bike lanes and flat terrain, as well as proximity to shopping, restaurants, entertainment, libraries, health care facilities, hospitals, fabulous public and private schools, and of course, museums. The Upper West Side stretches between Central Park and the Hudson River and borders West 59th Street to the south and West 110th Street to the North. It is also known as Morningside Heights.


Nearby shopping includes a Gotham Foods, Pioneer, and a Trader Joe's one block away. Nearby gyms include the Reebok gym at Millennium Tower and it is a short walk to Fairway and Lincoln Center. The Lincoln Center houses a number of stellar performing arts groups and houses the Metropolitan Opera, Jazz at the Lincoln Center, Alice Tully Hall, The David H. Koch Theater, and many others. The Julliard School is also within walking distance, are a number of libraries.


It is blocks from the American Museum of Natural History and walking distance from Museum mile which includes the Goethe-Institute New York, the Jewish Museum of New York, the Metropolitan Museum of Art, the Museum of the City of New York, the National Academy of Design, the Manhattan House, the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, the Whitney Museum of American Art, and El Museo Del Barrio. [3]


Central Park is located a block away and offers a number of interesting outings including a zoo, ice skating in the winter, baseball, basket ball, and tennis in the summer, carriage rides provide romance, as well as walking, and cycling.


Construction

Emery Roth
The spectacular San Remo by Emery Roth


This Spanish revival style skyscraper stands at 102.11 meters and its is 30 stories high. The construction ended 1927.[4]

The construction of the crowning tower was completed in 1927. It is a mixture of Spanish and Italian details. It dons a handsome red brick facade which stands on a three story stone base. There is an impressive two story arch which forms the main entrance and the windows are decorated with terracotta reliefs found on the fourth, fifth, sixth, 15th, and 26th through the 29th story windows, giving the building a regal appearance.

The main bulk of the building extends 16 floors where the building narrows with setbacks which continues at the 19th, 20th, 21st 27th, and 29th floors allowing for outdoor space and terraces and penthouses complete the climb. The building is crowned with a green-glazed terracotta lantern.


The majestic lobby includes classical poly-chrome details emanating the Spanish renaissance with lively yet muted colors. The lobby can certainly be considered a piece of art in and of itself. It was renovated into a cooperative in 1984 by Oliver Cromwell Owners, Inc.


Oliver Cromwell is an elevator cooperative owned by Oliver Cromwell Owners. Its land area is 10,216 square feet and the building is 178,893 square feet.[5]


Layout and Features

An example of some stunning custom cabinetry

The lavish residences include many original features such as high ceilings, large windows, hardwood floors, original beamed ceilings, stunning built in shelving and cabinetry. Studios are approximately 400 square feet and one bedrooms are 700 square feet.

In addition there are some breath taking updates including glass showers and baths, new stainless steel appliances in many residences and many of the original fixtures.


Floor Plans

There are 45 floor plans available of which a selection is presented below.

Amenities

  • Landscaped courtyard
  • Laundry room
  • Parking
  • 24 hour doorman and concierge
  • Spectacular views

Bylaws

Oliver Cromwell Bylaws
Rentals Yes
Pets Yes
Age No



  • Pet friendly building.
  • Rentals are permitted.
  • Does not impose age restrictions on buyers.


Sustainability

One million trees, NYC

Though the Oliver Cromwell pre-dates LEED buildings, it does have a number of sustainable attributes, such as generous natural light flowing from large windows, terraces, and green spaces as well as updated appliances. Residents have a large number of choices to participate in to reduced their carbon footprints including updating appliances to energy star when the time comes, the Greenmarkets, Citi-bikes, community gardens, one million trees, and using transit.


The Greenmarkets were created in 1976 and supply the city with fresh produce from over 200 local farmers to over 50 markets citywide. Community gardens are available across the city for those residents with a green thumb and are available both as individual plots or as part of a larger community and are an excellent way to meet new people while helping the environment. Citi-bikes is a new program in 2013 where locals can rent bikes at an affordable cost, and of course there are Zipcars that provide a viable alternative to car ownership.


One million trees is an organization with chapters in many cities around the world with the goal to plant one million new trees in the city centers. NYC is well on its way toward that goal with over 750,000 trees planted to date.`[6]


Trivia

The Upper West Side in the Movies

It has been a popular neighborhood for film makers some films shot here have included.

  • Hannah and Her Sisters, by Woody Allen
  • Eyes Wide Shut, starring Tom Cruise and Nicole Kidman
  • Ghostbusters - One and Two
  • I am Legend
  • Spiderman I and II
  • Night at the Museum


References

  1. City realty website
  2. Wikipedia - Oliver Cromwell
  3. Walk score website
  4. Emporis website
  5. Find the data website
  6. One million trees NYC


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